By Dominic Carter
In a 1988 work entitled Postmodernism and Japan,[i] the authors make the interesting hypothesis that what is “postmodern” in the West has existed in Japan in a number of manifestations extending back to what European and American historians term the ‘early modern period’. Scholar and critic David Pollack nicely encapsulates the book’s basic premise:
By Debbie Howard
Not dissimilar to the dramatic redrawing of retail distribution in the 1990s – during which time we saw the advent of outlet malls and 100-yen shops, as well as the proliferation of convenience stores – Japan’s retail landscape is undergoing another seismic shift.